语标点的正确使用 1

2020-06-14

书、笔、纸、墨水。

Books, pens, paper, ink.

大家看看上面的句子,句中用的是什么标点呢?相信谁都会说是:顿号和句号啦。在英文句子里,也有顿号(、)和小圈儿句号(。)吗?上面的句子以英文来写的话,就应该是:

Let's take a look at the above sentence. What punctuation is used in the sentence? I believe everyone will say: stop and full stop. In English sentences, there are also stop (,) and small circle full stop (. )? If the above sentence is written in English, it should be:

Book, pen, paper, ink。

可见在英文里是不用顿号和中文式句号的。标点符号在中、英文里的写法和用法有好多差别。下面就让我们从一个中文里所没有的标点开始吧。

It can be seen that in English, there is no use of the stop and Chinese full stop. There are many differences in the writing and usage of punctuation in Chinese and English. Let's start with a punctuation that is not in Chinese.

一、Apostrophe (")省字符号、所有格符号

1、 Apostrophe, possessive

这个标点在中文里是没有的;但在英文里却随处可见。主要用在下列几方面:

This punctuation is not found in Chinese, but it can be found everywhere in English. It is mainly used in the following aspects:

* 表示所有格 (所有格的变化也不少,详细情形容后再谈)

*Show possessive (there are many changes in possessive, please talk about it after describing it in detail)

* 缩写式

* abbreviation

* 表示一些数字、字母、日期、缩写的复数形式

*Plural for some numbers, letters, dates, abbreviations

1。1 所有格 (Possessives):(注意:下列所有格只用在动物方面)

1. Possessives: (Note: the following possessives are only for animals)

1。1。1 在名词(有生命的)后加上 "s 表示单数所有格:

1. 1. 1 add & quot; s after noun (living) to indicate singular possessive case:

1。 Sarah"s coat is black。 莎拉的外套是黑色的。(Sarah"s=莎拉的)

1. Sarah"s coat is black。 Sarah's coat is black. (Sarah & quote; s = Sarah's)

2。 The boy"s hat。

2. The boy"s hat。

(这男孩有一顶帽子)

The boy has a hat

3。 The boy"s hats。 (这男孩有好几顶帽子)

3. The boy"s hats。 The boy has several hats

4。 Jones"s office。 (Jones 只有一个音节,结尾是 s, 所有格加 "s)

4. Jones"s office。 (Jones has only one syllable, ending with s, all gega & quot; s)

5。 Jones" sweet tooth is legendary。 (Jones 的结尾是s, 而接下来的词又以s开

5. Jones" sweet tooth is legendary。 (Jones ends with s, and the next word begins with S

始,那么,所有格就只加 " 喔,真好玩!)

First, then, all you have is & quot; Oh, it's fun! )

6。 Moses" mouth is wide。 (Moses 的尾音有重复的z音,所有格只加 ")

6. Moses" mouth is wide。 (the ending of Moses has repeated Z, and all spaces only add & quote;)

7。 Louis" candy is sticky。 (Louis有不止一个音节,结尾s,所有格只加 " 。为什

7. Louis" candy is sticky。 (Louis has more than one syllable, ending with s, and all spaces only add & quote. Why?

么呢?好玩极了!)

Why not? Great fun! )

8。 My mother-in-law"s house。 (monther-in-law 之类的复合名词,所有格"s加在

8. My mother-in-law"s house。 (a compound noun such as monther in law, possessive

结尾处)

At the end)

9。

9.

The Surgeon General"s report is due soon。 (Surgeon General是复合词,同

The Surgeon General"s report is due soon。 (surge general is a compound word

上。)

Up. )

是不是觉得很乱?让我们归纳一下:

Do you think it's messy? Let's summarize:

A。 一般单数名词(有生命的!),所有格只在结尾加 "s (第1-3句)

A. General singular noun (living!), possessive only add & quote; s at the end (sentence 1-3)

B。 如果单数名词尾是s, 或ce,所有格只加 "或 "s (第4句)

B. If the singular suffix is s, or CE, the possessive case only adds & quot; or & quot; s (4th sentence)

C。 如果单数名词尾是s, 而跟着是以S开头的词,所有格只加 " (第5句)

C. If singular nouns end with s, followed by words beginning with s, the possessive case only adds & quote; (5th sentence)

D。 如果单数名词尾音有重复的s或z音,或是eez音,所有格只加 " (第6句)

D. If the ending of a singular noun has repeated s or Z, or EEZ, the possessive case only adds & quote; (sixth sentence)

E。 如果B项的名词只有一个音节(syllable),所有格只能加 "s

E. If the noun of item B has only one syllable (syllable), the possessive case can only be added with & quote; s

(第4句)

(fourth sentences)

F。 如果B项的名词有二个以上音节,所有格则只加 " (第7句)

F. If the noun of item B has more than two syllables, the possessive case only adds & quote; (7th sentence)

G。 复合词类处理法同A。(第8-9句)

G. The processing method of compound parts of speech is the same as that of A. (sentence 8-9)

1。1。2 二人(或其他动物)以上的所有格表示法:

1. 1. 2. Possessive representation of more than two persons (or other animals):

1。 The boys" shoes。 (在复数boys尾加上 "而不是 "s 喔)

1. The boys" shoes。 (add & quote; to the end of complex boys instead of & quote; s)

2。 The women"s bags。 (woman 的复数是 women, 所有格是 "s)

2. The women"s bags。 (the plural of woman is women, and the possessive lattice is & quote; s)

3。 The children"s caps。 (child 的复数是 children,和women同类型,所有格加

3. The children"s caps。 (the complex number of children is children, of the same type as women, all the Gejia

"s)

" s)

4。 The actresses" hats。 (actress 的复数是 actresses,因为结尾是 es, 因此所

4. The actresses" hats。 (the plural of actress is actress es, because the end is es, so the

有格只加 "便可)

Only add & quote; if there is a grid)

5。 The babies" toys。 (baby 的复数是 babies,结尾有es,因此所有格只加 ")

5. The babies" toys。 (the plural of baby is babies, with ES at the end, so all possessive lattices only add & quot;)

6。 Ms。 Joneses" house。 (Joneses 是Jones 的复数)

6. Ms. Joneses" house。 (Jones is the plural of Jones)

7。 My mothers-in-law"s house。 (注意是motherS 喔,所有格还是加 "s)

7. My mothers-in-law"s house。 (note that it's mothers, all inclusive or plus & quote; s)

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